Gingivostomatitis is a condition that may arise in toddlers or young children. It causes painful sores in the mouth area and is the result of the herpes simplex virus. If your child has sores, bleeding gums and a fever, they may have gingivostomatitis. This condition can be spread through saliva, sippy cups, eating utensils, and even shared toys.

If you believe your child has sores as well as bleeding and a fever or other symptoms such as headache, drooling, appetite loss, or exhaustion, take them to the doctor right away. A doctor can take a sample of fluid or tissue from your child’s sores to determine if they have this condition.

In the event your child does have gingivostomatitis, medication may be taken to help reduce swelling, fever, and pain. A numbing medicine may also be recommended to make it easier for your child to eat and drink. Also, ensure your child drinks plenty of water and stays as hydrated as possible You may want to feed them soft, bland food as well as it is typically less painful to chew and swallow. This condition should resolve on its own after about one to two weeks.

Bleeding gums and fever may be the result of gum disease or another condition or issue. A doctor or dentist can inform you of your child’s exact diagnosis. If you are concerned about bleeding gums or a fever as it relates to your toddler, we strongly suggest contacting your primary physician or a respected pediatric dentist as soon as possible. There is no reason to try to self remedy this issue or go online to find the answer. Each case is unique and you will want a medical professional to discuss ways in which you can make life for your toddler much more comfortable.

Frequently Asked Questions About Gingivostomatitis

Who gets gingivostomatitis the most?
Gingivostomatitis is a common condition in children. Children who have typically have painful sore that promote swelling make it difficult for them to eat and drink.

When should I take my child to the doctor?
If you believe your child has gingivostomatitis, take them to the doctor if their symptoms worsen or persist for more than a few days, they face a fever or store throat, or do refuse to eat or drink.

What are the most common causes of gingivostomatitis?
Gingivostomatitis is usually the result of the herpes simplex virus type 1, certain bacteria, or poor oral hygiene.

What are the symptoms of gingivostomatitis?
Tender sores on the inside of the mouth, bad breath, fever, swollen gums, swollen lymph nodes, drooling, and the refusal to eat and drink are all common symptoms of gingivostomatitis. Excessive sleeping or refusal to participate in daily activities are also signs of this condition.

Does gingivostomatitis cause dehydration?
Since children with gingivostomatitis causes many children to avoid drinking, many of them become dehydrated. Common symptoms of dehydration include dry skin, dry mouth, exhaustion, dizziness, and constipation.

Do gingivostomatitis sores disappear on their own?
Yes. Fortunately, sores from this condition tend to fade away on their own after about three weeks.

How can I help my child feel more comfortable if they do have gingivostomatitis?
Doctor prescribed medications, rinsing their mouth with a medicated mouthwash, and promoting a healthy diet without overly salty or spicy foods can all help relieve pain and discomfort.

Is gingivostomatitis preventable?
There are things you can do to prevent your child from developing gingivostomatitis. We suggest regular brushing and flossing, professional teeth cleanings at our office every six months, frequently washing hands, and keeping mouth pieces like retainers and mouthguards clean and free of bacteria.

Contact Little Smiles Pediatric Dentistry

If your child has bleeding gums and fever and you are wondering what the issue is, we encourage you to call us at 703-348-2813.